Hummingbirds, the smallest birds in the world, are fascinating and beautiful creatures. They have the highest metabolic rate of any animal with a heart rate of over 1,200 beats per minute. Their wings may beat 50-80 times per second (their wings do not flap but rather bend & flex in a rotating motion, producing the humming sound from which they take their name). Hummingbirds are also the only bird that can fly in any direction, including backwards and upside-down!

Require Constant Food Source

In order to maintain this immense output of energy they must consume half of their own weight each day. In fact, in order to survive the night without feeding they slow their metabolic rate to a near hibernation state and lower their heart rate to around 100 beats a minute. They feed primarily on nectar but also rely heavily on small insects in their diet to provide protein and to feed their young.

Hummingbird at Feeder

Gardeners Can Help

Gardeners can help supply food sources for these remarkable little birds:

  • minimize the use of pesticides so that insects are available for hummingbirds to feed their young
  • provide hummingbird feeders (see nectar recipe below)
  • plant flowers that offer nectar

Hummingbirds feed through their long beak so are attracted to flowers that are funnel shaped. They are drawn to bright colors, in particular the color red.

Flowering Trees

Redbud (Cercis canadensis)

Redbud (Cercis canadensis)

  • Crabapple (Malus)
  • Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
  • Horse Chestnut (Aesculus)
  • Catalpa (Catalpa sp.)
  • Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)

Flowering Shrubs

Weigela

Weigela

  • Butterfly Bush (Buddleia)
  • Mockorange (Philadelphus)
  • Summersweet (Clethra)
  • Weigela (Weigela)

Perennials

Monarda Beebalm

Beebalm (Monarda)

  • Columbine (Aquilegia)
  • Beebalm (Monarda)
  • Beardtongue (Penstemon)
  • Cardinal Flower (Lobelia)
  • Honeysuckle Vine (Lonicera)
  • Foxglove (Digitalis)
  • Coralbells (Heuchera)
  • Catmint (Nepeta)
  • Hosta (Hosta)

Annuals

hummingbirds johnson's gardens plants that attract hummingbird shrimp plant justicia

Shrimp Plant (Justicia)

  • Petunia
  • Fuchsia
  • Salvia
  • Million Bells
  • Lantana
  • Cuphea
  • Verbena
  • Mandevilla
  • Nasturtium
  • Morning Glory
  • Cardinal Vine
hummingbirds johnson's gardens plants that attract hummingbird

Hummingbird Feeder Mix

We carry a variety of pre-mixed nectar for hummingbirds, but you can also prepare your own.

  1. Mix one part white granulated Sugar (no honey, brown sugar or artificial sweeteners!) with four parts water. It is not necessary to add red dye as most feeders will have red color on the feeding area to attract the birds
  2. Boil the mixture to remove any bacteria
  3. Cool to room temperature
  4. Store excess formula in refrigerator
  5. Place feeder in the shade so that the nectar mixture remains cool and doesn’t spoil as rapidly
  6. Replace the mixture every couple of days during warm weather to minimize the growth of bacteria